Fundamentals of Photography

In partnership with
Joel Sartore,
National Geographic Photographer
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4.7 out of 5
683 Reviews
93% of reviewers would recommend this product
Course No. 7901
Video Streaming Included Free

What Will You Learn?

  • Learn how best to apply the fundamentals of camera equipment, including bodies, lenses, flashes, and more.
  • Understand the modern photographer's workflow from shooting to editing to final product.
  • Discover how to expertly wield the powerful tools that modern cameras are equipped with.
  • Learn advanced methods for overcoming photographic challenges, like low-light, cramped conditions, and active subjects.
  • Elevate your photography with expert tips and tricks for turning ordinary subjects into interesting compositions.

Course Overview

Photographs are more than just snapshots. When taken the right way, they become dramatic personal statements with the power to last forever. They can transport you to distant landscapes, capture fleeting emotions, recall cherished memories, reveal the beauty of daily life, and even change the world.

With recent developments in technology, we now take and share photographs almost instantaneously through online photo albums and social media-making this unique form of personal expression more central to our lives than ever before.

But when many of us take photographs, we simply point our cameras and click without being aware of what we're doing, what we're seeing, or how we can do it better. In reality, taking great photographs requires you to see as a professional photographer does; to train your eyes using the same fundamental techniques and principles the experts use to create unforgettable images from the grandest (and simplest) of subjects.

With Fundamentals of Photography, you'll learn everything you need to know about the art and craft of great photography straight from a professional photographer with more than 30 years of experience. Designed for people at all levels, these 24 lectures are an engaging guide to how photographs work and how to make them work better for you. National Geographic contributing photographer Joel Sartore has crafted a course that will hone your photographer's eye so you can capture the greatest moments in nearly every situation and setting imaginable, from a field of flowers to a friend's birthday party to a grand mountain range. Taking you both inside the photographer's studio and out into the field, this course is a chance to learn, in a way anyone can grasp, the basic insights and hidden secrets of photography.

Learn How to See Just as a Professional Does

The first and most important lessons you learn in Fundamentals of Photography involve seeing and thinking just like the professionals who make taking perfect shots seem like second nature.

Mr. Sartore teaches you the three features any photographer needs to have in place before snapping a shot:

  • Great lighting
  • Solid visual composition
  • An interesting perspective on your subject

By paying attention to these aspects (with help from well over 1,000 dramatic photos from Mr. Sartore's award-winning portfolio), you'll be better able to take the kinds of photographs that surpass their original situation and actually mean something to you and others.

Peek inside the Photographer's Toolkit

In the first half of Fundamentals of Photography, you'll become better acquainted with the basic features of cameras and how each plays a role in creating great photographs. Using nontechnical language, Mr. Sartore explains essential tools such as shutter speed, aperture, and lenses.

In the second half of the course, you'll learn to apply the basics of photography to the kinds of photos that people commonly take-and how to take them better than ever.

With Mr. Sartore as your guide, you'll be learning from a master of the craft; a professional photographer whose work has appeared in prestigious publications. So start making your own photos more lasting and meaningful with Fundamentals of Photography.

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24 lectures
 |  Average 31 minutes each
  • 1
    Making Great Pictures
    What makes a photograph iconic? What three things must every picture have to stand out from any old snapshot? These two questions form the core of Mr. Sartore’s introduction to the course. You’ll also discover that a great picture doesn’t rely on equipment—but on being able to see and think critically about your surroundings. x
  • 2
    Camera Equipment—What You Need
    To take a picture, you need to have good equipment. Here, get a no-nonsense guide to finding photography equipment—including cameras, tripods, and camera bags—that fits your needs. Also, take an in-depth look at a camera’s controls and settings for everything from aperture to shutter speed to ISO (your film’s sensitivity to light). x
  • 3
    Lenses and Focal Length
    According to Mr. Sartore, lenses are the most critical tools of photography. In this lecture, he takes you into the field and shows you different camera lenses in action. Among them: 70–200 mm (good for blurring out distracting backgrounds), rectilinear lenses (great for photographing things with minimal distortion), and wide-angle lenses (perfect for both landscapes and for shooting subjects in tight quarters). x
  • 4
    Shutter Speeds
    Your camera’s shutter speed controls how much light enters the lens in a shot. Learn how to become a master at working with this critical tool of photography. You’ll discover when to use fast or slow shutter speeds, study each speed’s unique effects, and uncover different techniques—such as panning and ghosting—that can add great artistic touches. x
  • 5
    Aperture and Depth of Field
    What do numbers such as f/1.4, f/2.8, or f/16 mean? Finally make sense of your camera’s aperture settings, which can help create eye-popping visual effects and solve specific compositional problems. Then examine some of Mr. Sartore’s acclaimed work to see the dramatic relationship between aperture and a photograph’s depth of field. x
  • 6
    Light I—Found or Ambient Light
    In this first lecture on one of the two building blocks of photography, learn how to tap into the power of ambient light, which isn’t created in a studio but is found around you. Look at how you should adjust your camera to make the most of found light, and learn the best kind of ambient light to shoot in and why. Explore front lighting, hatchet lighting, and even zebra lighting. x
  • 7
    Light II—Color and Intensity
    Continue exploring light and photography with a look at color—both the “color” of different types of light and colors as they appear in your photographs. Then, focus on the differences between hard light and soft light, and how to adjust your camera accordingly to maximize the potential of these key photographic elements. x
  • 8
    Light III—Introduced Light
    Mr. Sartore discusses a tricky type of light: man-made (or introduced) light. You’ll learn tips for manipulating different sources of light (including firelight, car taillights, reflectors, and spotlights). Also, you’ll start to see your camera’s flash setting as not a pesky button but a powerful tool for creating breathtaking effects in your photography. x
  • 9
    Composition I—Seeing Well
    How do you truly capture the beauty of the three-dimensional world around you? The answer lies within composition—photography’s second building block. In the first of three lectures on the subject, analyze a series of pictures to get a basic understanding of how framing works. x
  • 10
    Composition II—Background and Perspective
    Great composition also involves paying attention to background and perspective. Here, Mr. Sartore offers you numerous tips and strategies for finding the perfect background, examining the benefits and drawbacks of particular perspectives, and avoiding compositional mistakes that can ruin the power of even the most perfectly lit photograph. x
  • 11
    Composition III—Framing and Layering
    Frames. Leading lines. The eyes of your subject. Layers. Learn how paying attention to—and using—these and other compositional tools can isolate the true subject of your photo and add a strong sense of dimension. x
  • 12
    Let’s Go to Work—Landscapes
    Now start applying the information you’ve learned. Your first assignment: rural and urban landscapes. Some tips you’ll discover include surveying the ground ahead of the prime light you want to shoot in, using wide-angle lenses and a little height to suggest grandeur, and focusing on a subject you can get repeated chances at capturing. x
  • 13
    Let’s Go to Work—Wildlife
    Explore techniques for photographing wildlife, whether it’s birds in your backyard or lions on a safari. Learn how to set up a blind to conceal you from your subject, where to find the best places to photograph flora and fauna, common mistakes that wildlife photographers should avoid, and more. x
  • 14
    Let’s Go to Work—People and Relationships
    Using touching photographs of family and friends, Mr. Sartore demonstrates how to use your camera to best capture joy, sadness, anger, and other emotions—without interfering with your subject’s behavior. x
  • 15
    Let’s Go to Work—From Mundane to Extraordinary
    A key skill for any photographer is the ability to capture the special aspects of even the most mundane subjects. Focus on developing and strengthening this talent alongside Mr. Sartore, who teaches you how to make great frames in seemingly “boring” places from hotel rooms to hog farms. x
  • 16
    Let’s Go to Work—Special Occasions
    Special occasions come loaded with moments that beg to be captured with a camera. Taking the knowledge you’ve gained from previous lectures, investigate ways to anticipate and better prepare for candidly photographing the range of emotions, moods, and scenes that can be found at any wedding, party, or holiday event you attend. x
  • 17
    Let’s Go to Work—Family Vacations
    Transform the way you think about and take photographs during vacations. How can you avoid taking the same dull pictures like other tourists? What are some good ways to capture the story behind a famous landmark? Who can you ask for help about the best places for photo opportunities in your destination? x
  • 18
    Advanced Topics—Research and Preparation
    Despite what you may think, researching is an important part of any well-planned photo shoot. In the first of several lectures on advanced topics in photography, learn from Mr. Sartore’s own diverse shoots around the world about ways to research and prepare for photographing in more complicated situations. x
  • 19
    Advanced Topics—Macro Photography
    Examine how to capture the remarkable (and often overlooked) beauty in miniature subjects such as insects, flowers, eyes—even a pile of money. Learn the best equipment to use, lighting techniques to capture specific features of your miniature subjects, and common mistakes to avoid (such as not getting enough depth of field). x
  • 20
    Advanced Topics—Low Light
    Low light used to be the bane of Mr. Sartore’s profession. Now, it’s all he wants to photograph in. Learn how to take advantage of low-light situations by picking the right gear (including lenses that give you wide apertures) and techniques such as using objects to block bright spots in your frame. x
  • 21
    Advanced Topics—Problem Solving
    In order to be a better photographer, you need to be a visual problem solver. Mr. Sartore, using his own career experiences, takes you through varying levels of difficult situations—such as shooting in Antarctica, on a snowy road, or throughout a massive city—to illustrate the importance of mastering this skill. x
  • 22
    After the Snap—Workflow and Organization
    Regardless of whether you’re shooting with film or on a digital camera, you need an effective system to organize your pictures. Here, get practical tips on everything from storing film negatives and naming your digital pictures to touching up your shots and archiving all of your work. x
  • 23
    Editing—Choosing the Right Image
    Hone your editing skills by combing through groups of images to select the ones that stand out. It takes time and practice—but once you can narrow your photographs down to the best of the best, you can sharpen your critical eye and improve the way you shoot in the future. x
  • 24
    Telling a Story with Pictures—The Photo Essay
    Close out the course with a fascinating look at telling stories with your photographs. Using his photo essays on Alaska’s North Slope; people at Leech Lake, Minnesota; and dwindling biodiversity, Mr. Sartore leaves you with a greater appreciation of how photographers are not just observers but actual storytellers. x

Lecture Titles

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What's Included

What Does Each Format Include?

Video DVD
Instant Video Includes:
  • Download 24 video lectures to your computer or mobile app
  • Downloadable PDF of the course guidebook
  • FREE video streaming of the course from our website and mobile apps
Video DVD
DVD Includes:
  • 24 lectures on 4 DVDs
  • 167-page printed course guidebook
  • Downloadable PDF of the course guidebook
  • FREE video streaming of the course from our website and mobile apps

What Does The Course Guidebook Include?

Video DVD
Course Guidebook Details:
  • 167-page course synopsis
  • Photographs
  • Suggested readings
  • Photo assignments

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Your professor

Joel Sartore

About Your Professor

Joel Sartore
National Geographic Photographer
Joel Sartore is a professional photographer and a regular contributor to National Geographic magazine. His assignments have taken him to some of the world's most beautiful and challenging environments and have brought him face to face with a diversity of wildlife in all 50 U. S. states and all seven continents. He was recently named a National Geographic Fellow for his work on The Photo Ark, a multiyear project to document...
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Fundamentals of Photography is rated 4.7 out of 5 by 683.
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Gave me a new thought process for photography I've been doing amateur photography for many years.... from a few weddings and a lot of wildlife to astrophotography. I've know the mechanics and technical aspects for a long time. The problem I had was that I tended to think of photography in technical terms. That was great for astropotography and got me by for other types. This course finally made me look at photography in a more artistic context. From the first lesson, I began looking at my camera in a whole new light (no pun intended). Some reviews mention that he does not go into enough technical details on setting up the camera. If I wanted technical details on the camera I would read the cameras manual. This course was exactly what I needed. On many occasions I have looked at pictures by others and really didn't get how they created them. I do now. This different approach from what I have done in the past has been a great learning experience. I'm really excited about photography again. I really appreciate Joel's style of teaching. I like that he does not get bogged down in the technical details but focuses on "seeing" the shot as you want it. So, if you are interested in taking better, more interesting pictures, I highly recommend this course. If you are mainly interested in the more technical details of might want to pass.
Date published: 2019-08-28
Rated 3 out of 5 by from Great Information, a bit overdone I bought this so I not only get a better understand how my camera works, but know how to take great pictures. This course does help me towards that goal, but it takes a lot of watching to get there. The problems start with there seems to be an assumption that the course is focused on someone like him. Professional photographer with all of the equipment. I was looking for information on how to take better vacation pictures. I'm not saying that the course should only focus on that, but don't tell me that I've got to get up early or wait for sunset. Tell me how I can take great pictures whenever. The other issue that I have is occasional "tree hugger" commercial. This is about photography don't need to hear that. I think that it actually takes away from the content.
Date published: 2019-08-05
Rated 3 out of 5 by from More inspiration than instruction but very good Mr. Sartore is a phenomenal photographer and his examples and insights will help anyone take more inspired shots AND avoid common errors. However, this series suffers in a couple of areas, compared to other Great Courses and other websites' offerings. Mr. Sartore's delivery includes some annoying nervous vocal tics and repetitions. The content is weighted toward enthusiasm over "okay, but how WOULD I do what you just advised." There is explanation of the basics of light capture, but for many examples, it would have been better to know HOW to balance aperture, shutter speed, ISO. What are the tradeoffs if, for example, I'm not using a full-frame sensor? When should my choice be larger aperture or higher ISO, based on the example being shown? (Many of the examples are film-based, but could be explained in digital equivalent language.) Make no mistake, for learning basic composition that occurs in daily life: friends, family, birthdays, events--this series will make you a MUCH better photographer. And you WILL get a good overview of key topics like macro and using flash. If you use a consumer-oriented camera and have no interest in things like shooting in raw or post-processing out errors and you just want to take MUCH better photos, this is a good choice.You will definitely learn to "see" and "think" like an expert.
Date published: 2019-07-29
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Fundamentals of Photography I'm now retired and have been continuing my photography as a hobby. This course is so good, I have to recommend it to novice and professional photographers as well. The topics are easy to follow, the instructor is wonderful, has a wealth of knowledge, and simplifies ideas for the beginner. I'll watch this over and over again.
Date published: 2019-07-23
Rated 5 out of 5 by from great insturctor Joel makes it very easy to learn the fundamentals. He shows photos to illustrate his points and repeats key points enough to absorb them. the home work for each lecture is also very helpful.
Date published: 2019-07-11
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Provides excellent basic information I thoroughly enjoyed this course. In addition to providing technical details of how he prepares to shoot photos and how to get the most out of a camera, Joel provides great insight on what not to do and what to do, especially in the preparation of shooting. I really appreciated him showing photos that he shot that were not that good and used them as a teaching tool along with some of his excellent photos to demonstrate how to prepare for and take good photos. I enjoyed his blend of stories that he shared and how they were tied into the lecture topics. Some of his anecdotes were a bit off track, but I don't think they detracted from the quality of his lectures. I would definitely recommend this course to anybody wanting to improve their photography skills.
Date published: 2019-06-24
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Great Basics I bought this course to help me have better knowledge of my new camera and to learn to take better pictures. I’m a few sessions into the course and it looks like just what I need so I am looking forward to the rest of the course.
Date published: 2019-06-23
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Exactly what I wanted I have only watched two lectures but I am already learning. The lecturer is well spoken and lectures are easy to follow and understand. Best of all the course is reigniting my passion for photography. Definitely recommend for novice or those needing to brush up on their skills.
Date published: 2019-06-15
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Very instructive and informative Lots of helpful information enthusiastically delivered by a knowledgeable instructor. Great course!
Date published: 2019-06-10
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Great lectures and easy to follow Joel is a good presenter and keeps my attention with each topic. I have been taking photos for a while, but really struggled with some of the key fundamentals - which this course really helped me through, especially the effective use of light. I would recommend this to anybody, if nothing else to see the fantastic shots he has taken and the stories his photos tell. If I had a recommendation at all, I would have liked to have seen the camera settings on the photos he was presenting. Often times Joel would mention what he used but it would be great to see it on the photos to help me visualize a little better.
Date published: 2019-05-24
Rated 3 out of 5 by from Poorly produced The person teaching the course and the description led me to believe I'd view a more professionally produced product. I was wrong. The studio and the lack of engaging graphics as well as the speaker's lack of ability to engage me was VERY disappointing. It was a real disappointment and I expected more from NG.
Date published: 2019-05-21
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Improved My Photography Skills I love taking pictures. The problem was that my photographs would very often come out dark. Because of that, I set out to learn more about photography so I could improve my photographs. I found this Fundamentals of Photography DVD set at my public library and I am so glad I did! I have almost completed the entire course, I just have episodes 23 & 24 left to watch, and I have learned so much throughout this course! My photography skills have definitely improved just from watching this course and I have met my goal of no more dark pictures! This course has even pushed me to leave the auto setting on my camera and to set my own settings, which is something I never did before watching this course. I have enjoyed Mr. Sartore's teaching style, I like how he shows examples of good photos and of not so good photos, and I found the stories of all of his travels interesting. I also enjoyed his sense of humor. I am so glad my library carries this course. What a great course! (I own a Canon PowerShot SX510 HS)
Date published: 2019-05-15
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Great and practical tips, excellent examples I am only halfway thru this course. There are 24 sections, each about 30 minutes. So far, the course is excellent. The instructor (Joel Satore) is outstanding, in that he goes slow enough to explain, then goes thru examples. The best examples are the ones where he varies a setting and shows the effect on the same photo. (like white balance, flash examples) I have already put his instruction to practical use around the house ... and see the results instantly.
Date published: 2019-05-09
Rated 1 out of 5 by from An excellent photographer, but a poor presentation The instructor is quite accomplished and has many outstanding works. Sadly, the course is disappointing. While it showcases some outstanding photography, the informational aspects are lacking, the humor quickly becomes grating, the repetition of nonsubstantive comments is too frequent, and the review and consistent self-praise of his pictures is too much. I had to stop at lecture 15 of 24. I wish is had been better edited and focused more on technique.
Date published: 2019-05-08
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Great information I purchased this a few weeks ago and have completed about 5 lessons. The instructor give excellent ideas and examples to make everything very clear. Also the assignments are very helpful. I recommend this course to all beginners and the experienced as well
Date published: 2019-05-03
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Great Course Great information included in this course. Learn the basics and more, how your camera works, how the parts interact, great examples. Great instructor.
Date published: 2019-04-27
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Great for the basics needed for novice I recently purchased the Fundamentals of Photography course and it is just what I needed to polish and perfect my skills. The short sessions allow me to do a segment over lunch time and do the homework that evening after work. This works very well for keeping the flow of the instruction fresh.
Date published: 2019-04-24
Rated 3 out of 5 by from wish the program was in color It is difficult to see some of the lessons in color use when the course is in black and white. The author talks of the color of light and shows examples that show no difference. the course has lots of very interesting ideas and was quite helpful with things that color isn't a factor.
Date published: 2019-04-13
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Best Course I've Taken In A LONG Time! I wasn't sure what to expect with this course, but I found it to exceed my expectations. Not only did I learn a lot about my DSLR Camera, I feel that this course is helping me improve my photographs and how I see what I'm photographing. Joel Sartore is an excellent teacher; not only does he share many tips and much useful information, but he does so with a sense of humor and natural delivery. I took the winter months to study/ review the 24 lessons in this course. Since I bought the DVDs, I'll go back and review some of them (more than once!). Because of the design of the class (and the homeworks), I was able to absorb the information as my schedule allowed. I've already purchased a few photographic tools that Joel recommended, and these are wonderful additions to my photography (that I wouldn't have known about had I not taken this course). Thanks to Joel and The Great Courses for offering this superb course!
Date published: 2019-04-11
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Exactly what I was looking for I have truly appreciated this class, though I have not completed it, and I find myself re-watching the several of the initial sessions. I recommend to anyone who is truly a beginner like I am - to learn your camera & settings, and how lens or lenses operate first. I was competent with pro-video cameras, but I don't have any still camera experience & it's just different. I read all of the reviews before getting this & this is exactly what it says - he brings the class to a level a newbie can understand but is still educational for an intermediate & I understand why he uses family, and his own work/shots as examples - and appreciate their patience with the process to show different lighting & focus. I really appreciate learning the subtle differences that just minor changes make. It would be better if I had lenses that could do what he does. I need to figure my general all purpose lens out a little better - lol - "great course!"
Date published: 2019-04-03
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Very thorough and Very enjoyable I'm working my way through the lectures and enjoying this course very much. The instructor is personable and encouraging, plus he has a good sense of humor and is not boring. I'm looking forward to watching the rest of the lectures.
Date published: 2019-04-03
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Very well presented I was looking for a compressive introduction to photography and this curse give that and more. Introduces to the ins and outs of a camera and concepts like ISO and F stops are explained in easy to understand terms. What is more important teaches you to use your imagination and creativity in order to achieve results.
Date published: 2019-03-31
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Good course for learning to take better photos I have listened to nearly all of this lecture series and have found it to be worthwhile. The course does not go into a lot of the "gear stuff" of cameras (e.g. complicated technical issues), so you would have to look elsewhere for that information. What the course does cover is how to take better photos with nearly any camera. I already had a fairly thorough knowledge of topics such as composition and light, but still have found lots of new information to help improve my own photographs. The instructor has an engaging style and gives lots of examples of what he is discussing. The assignments at the end of each lecture can help you apply the concepts. Overall, I have found this to be a very valuable course and would recommend it to those who want to improve their photography skills.
Date published: 2019-03-23
Rated 5 out of 5 by from an outstanding investment I had previously avoided using the manual settings on my camera, never quite understanding them or how they worked. I now exclusively use these settings, and frequently experiment in low light and with long exposures. This course taught me how to apply myself to create beautiful photos.
Date published: 2019-03-15
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Enjoyed the less traditional perspectives on photo As a phorographer who is still trying to find my voice, I really appreciate how all encompassing the course. That includes having access to photos that are clever and less traditional as well as learning that a good photo can be found anywhere.
Date published: 2019-03-14
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Extremely valuable Initially, I wasn't impressed with this course...but that was because I wasn't really paying attention to what was being said. As I started listening more and removing the distractions around me, I found I was getting really valuable, useful information with everything Mr Sartore was saying. He shows examples to go with everything he says, so if you look and listen, you will gain unbelievable insight and knowledge into even the most "mundane" of places to take fabulous photos with all the right tools to do so. I will have to go back and watch the first few lectures and pay better attention. I don't want to miss what I originally missed on the second try. I can't wait to watch the second course!
Date published: 2019-03-12
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Great instructors I bought these because I want to expand my mind and no how. I have started them and love every bit.
Date published: 2019-03-05
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Excellent course! This course has everything you need to lift your photography from the level of above-average snapshots to extraordinary images. The presenter is humorous and engaging; he imparts a wealth of information. So glad I bought this course!
Date published: 2019-03-02
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Ecellent overview of the essentials I was looking for a refresher, and found an excellent course, covering the required optics in a simple understandable way, including many tips on Light, Composition and the little extra required to get superb photos. And all types: from portrait to city and landscape photography is covered. Joel is presenting the course in a joyful way, with many illustrated examples, including many examples in the field. Absolutely worth the viewing & listening, and he is in no way selling one photo equipment brand, but telling us the story of how to make great photos, independent of the material used.
Date published: 2019-03-01
Rated 5 out of 5 by from AWESOME CLASS! I learned so much from this course! Joel is an excellent teacher and really enjoyable. I am massively inspired!
Date published: 2019-02-25
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